Languages of Pakistan

 

Punjabi, Saraiki, Pashtu, Sindhi,Hindko, Balochi and Brahui are important  languages of Pakistan.

In Pakistan Saraiki  is the language of 40%, Punjabi 18%, Pashtu 15%, Sindhi 12%,  Urdu 7%, Balochi 3% ,  Brahui 2%   and other languages 3%.

Punjabi: Majhi spoken in Lahore, Gujranwala and Sialkot is called Punjabi. In IndiaAmritsar, Tarn Taran Sahib, and Gurdaspur Districts of the State of Punjab Majhi is also spoken.  Doabi, Pwadhi and Malwi dialects  of Punjabi are spoken in India . Only half area of Majhi speaking is related to Pakistan,

Saraiki: Standard Saraiki , Dibhari Saraiki ( Jhang,  Cheniot, Sahiwal, Kamalia. Pindi Bhattian, Mandi Bahaudin,  Okara, Bahawalnagar), Chakwali (Jand, Pindi Gheb) and Saraiki (Jaffarabad, Naseerabad, Jhalmagsi, Ghotki, Kashmore, Jackabad) are the four common dialects of Saraiki. Standard Saraiki is 80%, Dibhari is 10%, Chakwali is 5% and Sindh aali Saraiki is 5%. Saraiki has 44 alphabets  with five Special Saraiki alphabets namely, ٻ، ڄ ،ݙ، ڳ & ݨ . The total number of Saraiki Speaking people in Pakistan is more than 80 million or 8 crore.

Pashtu: Pashtu of Peshawer, Bannuchi and Quetta  pashtu are Pashtu languages.

Sindhi: Sindhi is spoken in Sindh.

Balochi: Eastern Balochi [bgp] in Northeast Balochistan Province, northwest Sindh, southwest Punjab, Southern Balochi [bcc] in South Balochistan, south Sindh, Karachi, Western Balochi [bgn] in Northwest Baluchistan Province. are Balochi language.

Hindko: Northern Hindko [hno] Hazara division, Mansehra and Abbotabad districts, Indus and Kaghan valleys and Indus valley tributaries, Southern Hindko [hnd] Punjab Province, Attock district, to south Hazara division, NWFP; Kohat and Peshawar districts and Pothohari [phr] Pahari: Rawalpindi, Murree Hills, and east in Azad Kashmir (Poonchi (Punchhi) and Chibhali); north in the lower half of the Neelum Valley. Potwari: Pothwar Plateau, from Rawalpindi to Gujar Khan and south to Jhelum. Mirpuri: southern Azad Kashmir.

Brahui:  [brh] South central, Quetta and Kalat region, east Baluchistan and Sind provinces. Also in   4,000,000 in Pakistan (2011). Population total all countries: 4,220,000 Alternate Names: Birahui, Brahuidi, Brahuigi, Kur Galli Dialects: Jharawan, Kalat, Sarawan. Kalat is standard dialect, Jharawan is lowland.

Shina, Khowar, Gojri, Kashmiri , Bagri, Balti, Dari, Dhatki, Hazargi, Jadgali, Indus kohistani, Koli Kachi, Parkrai koli, Marwari are Pakistani  languages having papulation ranging 100,000 to 500,000.

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